Monkeypox

Based on the information about monkeypox in Delaware available at this time, the risk to the public appears low.

Information for Medical Professionals

 

General Information

The current number of identified Monkeypox cases can be found on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) webpage. Based on the information about monkeypox in Delaware available at this time, risk to the public appears low.

At this time, national data suggest that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men make up the majority of cases in the current monkeypox outbreak. However, anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity, who has been in close, personal contact with someone who has monkeypox, is at risk.

 

Questions about Monkeypox?

Call the Monkeypox hotline: 1-866-408-1899

Anyone who is deaf, hard of hearing, Deaf-Blind or speech disabled can contact DPH by dialing 7-1-1 first using specialized devices (i.e. TTY, TeleBraille, voice devices). The 7-1-1 service is free and to learn more about how it works, please visit delawarerelay.com.

Hours of Operation:
Monday – Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

E-mail: DPHcall@delaware.gov

 

Resources

What You Need to Know

Monkeypox is a viral disease that can be spread between people and certain animals. The monkeypox virus is a part of the same family of viruses as the virus that causes smallpox.
 

What is Monkeypox?

View of a person’s shoulder and back with a blistering rash that includes pus filled bumpy lesions.
An example of a Monkeypox rash. View of a person’s shoulder and back with a blistering rash that includes pus filed lesions.

The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970. Prior to the 2022 outbreak, monkeypox had been reported in people in several central and western African countries. Previously, almost all monkeypox cases in people outside of Africa were linked to international travel to countries where the disease commonly occurs or through imported animals. These cases occurred on multiple continents.

Transmission: How it Spreads

 

It can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact, including:

 

Contact with lesions

Body Fluids

Contaminated Materials

Respiratory Droplet

 

  • Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox.
    • This direct contact can happen during intimate contact, as well as through hugging, massage, and kissing.
  • Contact with respiratory secretions.
  • A pregnant person can spread the virus to their fetus through the placenta.

 
It can spread by touching objects:
 

  • Fabrics, clothing, bedding, or towels
  • Surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox
  • Touching fabrics and objects during sex that were used by a person with monkeypox and that have not been disinfected, such as bedding, towels, fetish gear, and sex toys.

 
Exposure can happen during intimate contact, including:
 

  • Sex with a person with monkeypox
  • Hugging
  • Kissing

 
Having multiple or anonymous sex partners may increase your chances of exposure to monkeypox.

 

Signs & Symptoms

 
In humans, the symptoms of monkeypox are similar to but milder than the symptoms of smallpox. Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion. The main difference between symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not. The incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually seven to 14 days but can range from five to 21 days.

The illness begins with:

  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Sore throat
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion
Two examples of Monkeypox rashes. The left example shows a thumb with one lesion, a pus filled sore. The right example shows a person’s back with multiple bumpy lesions that may or may not have fluid.
Monkeypox rash on a thumb with one lesion, a pus filled sore. The right example shows a person’s back with multiple bumpy lesions. Photo Credit: NHS England High Consequence Infectious Diseases Network

Within one to three days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face then spreading to other parts of the body. Lesions progress through the following stages before falling off:

Close up view of a person’s back with pus filled lesions and blister like rash. This is an example of the Monkeypox rash.
Close up view of a person’s back with pus filled lesions and blister like rash. This is an example of the Monkeypox rash.
  • Macules
  • Papules
  • Vesicles
  • Pustules
  • Scabs

 

What to Do if You Suspect an Infection


 

Call your doctor.

Ask about getting tested for Monkeypox.

Wear a mask.

When visiting your doctor and to prevent the possible spread.


Get treated.

Smallpox antivirals may be prescribed.


Isolate.

Isolate until the rash has healed and a new layer of skin has formed.

 

Testing

If you have symptoms of monkeypox, or are concerned you may have been exposed, contact your health care provider to discuss testing. Don’t have a health care provider? Contact MPX hotline at 1-866-408-1899 to discuss scheduling a testing appointment at a public health clinic. If you have symptoms of monkeypox, talk to your health care provider.

Treatment

Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox virus infection. For purposes of controlling a monkeypox outbreak in the United States, smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) can be used. Learn more about smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and VIG treatments.

If you have symptoms of monkeypox, talk to your health care provider.

 

Vaccination

Currently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is not encouraging vaccination against monkeypox for the broader public or for everyone who is sexually active. Delaware is currently offering vaccination to people at higher risk of exposure, including:

  • Persons known or presumed to be exposed to someone with MPX in the last 14 days
  • Certain individuals who have sex with men and who have had multiple sex partners within the past 14 days
  • Those living with HIV or who are receiving HIV PrEP
  • Immunocompromised persons (including those with cancer, solid organ or stem cell transplants, those taking immunosuppressive therapy, and individuals with autoimmune disease)
  • Those treated for a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the last six months
  • Individuals traveling to an area with community spread of MPX cases.
  • Those engaging in high-risk activities, including sexual practices, that increase exposure to MPX, such as:
    • Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men and have had multiple, or any, anonymous sexual partners in a social network experiencing monkeypox activity, this includes meeting partners through an online website, digital application (“app”), or social event (e.g., a bar or party)
    • Transgender women or nonbinary persons assigned male at birth who have sex with men
    • Sex workers (of any sexual orientation/gender)
  • Staff (of any sexual orientation/gender) at establishments where sexual activity occurs (e.g., bathhouses, saunas, sex clubs)
    People who fall into any of the identified high-risk categories who are also experiencing homelessness or incarceration

It is important to understand that while there may be many persons in DE who want a monkeypox vaccine, not everyone in the population needs a monkeypox vaccine. This is very different from COVID. Spread is primarily through direct contact with an infected person and not airborne transmission. Vaccines are not recommended for children. There are things that people in the general public, as well as the LGTBQ+ community can do to protect themselves regardless of their ability to access vaccine such as limiting direct contact with anyone with a concerning rash, limiting the number of intimate partners, talking openly with intimate contacts about recent behaviors, and not sharing bedding, towels and eating or drinking utensils with anyone who does.
 

Where to Get Vaccinated

 

DPH Clinics

Call the DPH Hotline at 1-866-408-1899 to coordinate an over the phone screening evaluation, and to schedule an appointment with a public health clinic.

 

Beebe Health Care

Individuals can schedule an appointment at beebehealthcare.org/online-scheduling

 

Newark Urgent Care

Visit NewarkUrgentCare.org to schedule an appointment. Clinics are held on Thursdays.

 

Prevention

 
There are number of measures that can be taken to prevent infection with monkeypox virus:
 

  • Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox.
  • Do not touch the rash or scabs of a person with monkeypox.
  • Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with monkeypox.
  • Avoid contact with objects and materials that a person with monkeypox has used.
  • Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox.
  • Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with monkeypox.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating or touching your face and after you use the bathroom.
  • Avoid contact with animals that could harbor the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs).
 

Cleaning and Disinfecting for Monkeypox

 

For homes and hospitality industry

 
Proper cleaning of all exposed items is essential following a case of monkeypox. Poxviruses can survive in linens, clothing and on surfaces. In one study, investigators found live virus 15 days after a patient’s home was left unoccupied. Porous materials (bedding, clothing, etc.) may harbor live virus for longer periods of time than non-porous (plastic, glass, metal) surfaces. People who have recovered from monkeypox and whose isolation period has ended should disinfect all spaces within the home they had been in contact with. Follow the steps below to minimize risk of infection to others in your home after recovery.
 

Steps For Cleaning After An Infection

 


Wear protective clothing.

If cleaning and disinfection is done by someone other than the person with monkeypox, that person should wear, at a minimum, disposable medical gloves and a respirator or well fitting mask. Clothing that fully covers the skin should be worn, and immediately laundered. Wash hands with soap and water or use alcohol based hand sanitizer.


 

Disinfect.

Use an EPA recommended disinfectant. Focus on disinfecting items and surfaces that were in direct contact with the skin. Do not dry dust or sweep as this may spread infectious particles.


 

Wash and sanitize.

Wash sheets, blankets, clothes, and towels.

 

Delaware Monkeypox Outbreak 2022 Data

Monkeypox Cases in Delaware
County Positive Cases
New Castle 23
Kent 4
Sussex 9
Total 36
Age Group of Positive Cases in Delaware
Age Positive Cases
0-17 0
18-34 21
35-49 12
50-64 3
65+ 0
Gender Assigned at Birth of Positive Cases in Delaware
Gender Positive Cases
Male 35
Female 1
Unknown 0

Monkeypox Vaccine Data in Delaware

Monkeypox Vaccine Information
Persons having received at least one dose of the vaccine 1,377
Vaccine vials received by Delaware Public Health 1,188

 

News

View more news on news.delaware.gov

Read more at news.delaware.gov